James PARKER

9th Infantry Brigade AIF

MAIN MENU. 35th BATTALION PAGE.


War Medal, Victory Medal and Rising Sun to James Parker

19th BATTALION. 35th BATTALION A.I.F.

Private: 6862A James PARKER.


Born: . Glasgow, Scotland.

Died: 25 May 1918. Died of Wounds Morlancourt.


Father: James Parker.

Mother: Charlotte Parker nee: Warrington.


INFORMATION

Australian WW1 - Medal Pair / Badge - James Parker 19th & 35th AIF - DOW On offer is a medal pair and collar badge, the medals being named to Private J. Parker 35th Battalion A.I.F. being his full entitlement. His British War Medal has numbered him as 6862, in accordance with his enlistment form, however his file shows that he was re-numbered to 6862A and this is shown on his Victory Medal. James Parker was 21 year old when he enlisted in April 1917, he was born in Glasgow, Scotland and embarked with the 20th Reinforcements of the 19th Battalion A.I.F. on 16 July 1917. He was taken onto the strength of the 35th Battalion A.I.F. on 2 February 1918. His record shows that he died from gunshot wounds to the abdomen on 25 May 1918, whilst he was at the 5th Casualty Clearing Station and was buried at the Crouy British Cemetery, Crouy-Sur-Somme.

16th April 1918.

’On the 16th April, the rumours of a new German Offensive against Amiens seemed to be definitely confirmed. A German prisoner, taken by the French, volunteered the that Villers Bretonneux was to be attacked the next day. The 5th Australian Division, which had come line on the night of the 6th/7th April, and held the sector from Villers Bretonneux (inclusive) to the Somme canal was warned to be ready to retake the town, if captured by attack from the north ; and other preparations and counter-preparations were made. About 4 A.M. on the 17th, Villers Bretonneux, Bois d'Aquenne, to the west of it and the village of Cachy, to the south, were heavily drenched for three hours with phosgene, mustard and irritant gasses. But no assault followed. As soon as possible the local garrison, consisting of the 6/London(58 Dvn) and the 33rd Australian Battalion, was got out of the shelters in the town into the trenches around it. The gas shelling was repeated in the evening from 4 to 7 P.M., next morning and on the following days, being increased so as to include Bois I'Abbe, but with greatly reduced results. Nevertheless it was impossible for anyone to move that area without feeling some ill-effects from the mustard gas, and there were, in all, 1,074 gas casualties.’

’The gassing of Villers Bretonneux seemed to point to the probability of its not being attacked, but by this time air photographs had revealed the signs of imminent operations; an increase in the number of enemy batteries had also been noticed, while the roads were being registered by German artillery. There were, however, also indications that the Albert sector might be the objective of an attack which might extend to Arras and Vimy Ridge. On the 21st there was much air fighting near the Somme, and the famous airman Richthofen was brought down.1. That night a man of the 4th Guard Division, captured by the 8th Dvn , disclosed the fact that his formation had just relieved the 9th Bavarian Reserve Division in front of Marcelcave , and would attack Villers Bretonneux at 3 A.M. on the 23rd. Counter-preparations were continued, and the German railway centres were bombed, particularly Chaulnes .2 'No infantry assault materialized on the 23rd, two deserters came in from the 77th Reserve Division, just arrived from Russia, which had entered the line on 20th, south of the 4th Guard Division, opposite Cachy, and the French captured a gunner of the Guard Ersatz Division opposite Hangard. All these men said that the relief of the line divisions by " storm " divisions had been completed the infantry were ready to advance; the bombardment would begin early on the 24th and. last two and-a -quarter hours: and the attack would be assisted by new German tanks, which were already in position near the front line. 2 It is from the fact that tanks were used to punch a hole in the British line on either side of Villers Bretonneux, and that, in consequence, the Germans gained possession of the town and ground on either side for a short time, that the fighting on the 24th derives its interest.’

24th April 1918.

3:30am Heavy Bombardment heard on front. 10:30am Instructions received to be ready to move immediatly. 12:00 noon Instructions are now to move on 1 hours notice. Enemy attacked at Villers-Bretonneux at 6:30am and at 1:00pm. Was in position of the town and the ground to the South as far as HANGARD. By midnight the 13th and 15th Brigades and re taked the lost ground and captured 1200 Prisoners, 100 Machine Guns and 2 Field Guns.

(35th Battalion War Diary)

25th of April 1918.

"Dull in the morning, but fine in the Afternoon. Owing to most of the fit men being on guard or other duties, no parade was held. A number of men are still sick with gas. Enemy seems to be very quiet on this front. Further South at Villers-Bretonneux the 15th Brigade, A.I.F who counter-attacked last night repulsed a strong enemy counter-attack. The counter-attack was very successful, the captures being roughly 1000 prisoners, 100 machine-guns, a field gun and 2 tanks. This is the first time we have heard of the enemy using tanks."

(35th Battalion War Diary)

James was Died of Wounds on the 25th May 1918 at Morlancourt as the Battalion was advancing he received a Gun Shot Wound to his Abdomen and was treated bt the 10th Australian Field Ambulance before he was evacuated by Stretcher Bearers to the 5th Casualty Clearing Station where he later Died of Wounds received earlier that day.

13th August 1918.

Informant: Private: 6789 W DELAHUNTY. D Company 35th Battalion AIF. "At 47th Casualty Clearing Station. I saw the grave of Private: 6862A James PARKER who was a 20th Reinforcement of 19th Battalion and transfered to 35th Battalion in January last, and who was knocked in the Hop-Over at Morlancourt.

Westham, England.

The collar badge wish was acquired with the medals is marked "JR Gaunt - London"

War Medal, Victory Medal to James Parker

War Medal, Victory Medal to James Parker

Grave II.C.26

Family Information

Newcastle Club 1916

Parents James and Charlotte Parker lived at 13 Dingwall Street, Kelvinhaugh, Glasgow, Scotland.

Steward from the Newcastle Club, Newcastle, N.S.W.

Crouy British Cemetery, Crouy-sur-Somme, France.

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Under Construction; 17/06/2016-10/08/2016.

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