Henry Arthur GODDARD (1869-1955)
9th Infantry Brigade AIF

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Henry Arthur GODDARD

35th BATTALION A.I.F.

Lieutenant Colonel: Henry Arthur GODDARD. C.M.G.- D.S.O.


Born: 13th December 1869. West Hackney, Middlesex, England.

Married: Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Wife: Elizabeth Maud Goddard. nee: Morrow. (18..-1931)

Died: 24th October 1955. Concord Repatriation Hospital, Concord, N.S.W. Australia. Death Cert:29933/1955.


Father: Henry Goddard.

Mother: Elizabeth Goddard. nee: Simmons.


INFORMATION

When World War 1 was declared in 1914, Goddard was placed in charge of the Brisbane Defences. On the 16th of March 1915 he was appointed to the First Imperial Force with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and given the command of the 25th Infantry Battalion. He expected to take the Battalion overseas but on the 9th of May 1915 he was suddenly ordered to take over command of the 17th Battalion, which was about to sail for Egypt. Goddard considered it a great blow to leave the battalion that he had built up, and a definite setback to his career. He took charge of the 17th Infantry Battalion on the 12th of May on board the transport "Themistocle".

The 17th Infanrty Battalion arrived in Egypt on the 12th of June 1915 where it trained until ordered foward to Anzac Cove, departing for Gallipolli on the 16th of August 1915. It left without Goddard, who was hospitalised with intestinal poisoning. He managed to get himself cleared by the medical authorities and departed on the next available ship, the "Southland", which was torpeodoed en route on the 2nd of September 1915.

Goddard finally made it to Anzac Cove on the 6th of September 1915, taking over command of Quinn's Post, the most exposed and one of the most dangerous positions on the line. He remained in command of Quinn's Post until Anzac Cove was evacuated on the 20th of December 1915. Goddard was in command of the last party there and departed the post at 2:35am.

the 17th Infantry arrived at Lemnos on the 20th of December 1915, and Alexandria on the 4th of January 1916. It proceeded to Tel El Kebir four days later. Goddard had managed to remainin the line at Gallipolli only by ignoring a serious case of dysentery. Now he was admitted to Hospital on the 18th of January. He was evacuated back to Australia on the 18th of May 1916.

Goddard was cleared by the Medical Board and travelled to Sydney on the 16th of July 1916 to rejoin the A.I.F. Goddard left Melbourne on board HMAT A28 "Miltiades" on the 1st of August. He reported to the A.I.F. Headquarters in London on the 26th of September 1916. Goddard was once again given command of a New South Wales Battalion on the 13th of October 1917 who were preparing to leave for France. Goddard was given command of the 35th Battalion AIF who were training at Salisbury Plains, England. The 35th Battalion arrived in France on the 22nd of November 1916.

Goddard led the 35th Infantry Battalion at Messines, Broodeseinde and Passchendeale.

Goddard

MENTIONED IN DISPATCHES

1918 New years List

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER

He was acting commander of the 9th Infantry Brigade for short periods in May, August and October 1917 and for over a month from the 5th of January 1918 to the 18th of Ferbruary 1918. On the 3rd of April 1918, Brigadeir General Rosenthal placed Goddard in command of all troops at Villers-Bretonneux, where he established his headquarters. The next morning the Germans attatcked in force. A full scale battle developed, the First Battle of Passchendaele controlled by Goddard, who acted almost as Brigade Commander. For this battle, Goddard was again;

MENTIONED IN DISPATCHES

At the Battle of Morlancourt Bray-sur-Somme and the attack on the Hindenburg Line. For these battles. Goddard was; Awarded.

MENTIONED IN DISPATCHES

1919 New Years List

COMPANION of ST MICHAEL and ST GEORGE

POST WAR

Henry Goddard moved to Sydney after the war where he pursued his buisness and military interests. He commandered to 14th Infantry Brigade from 1921 to 1926 and was an Honorary Colonel of the 17th Infantry Battalion. He was placed on the retired list in 1931 with the rank of Brigadier General.

Henry ran an importing company, H.A. GODDARD PTY LTD with his son Horace, who had served as a private in the 35th Infanrty Battalion during World War 1. Henry continued to travel and was a commercial representative of The Times, Australia.

Letter written by Lt Col Goddard. 1918

Picardie, Somme Marett Wood, France. 7th May 1918. (Goddard Center)

C.E.W.Bean, Official Correspondent. W.M.Hughes, Australian Priminister. Brigadier General H.A.Goddard. 15th September 1918. Picardie, Somme Mont St Quentin, France.

GODDARD, HENRY ARTHUR (1869-1955), merchant, company director and soldier, was born on 13 December 1869 at West Hackney, Middlesex, England, son of Henry Goddard, insurance clerk, and his wife Elizabeth, née Simmons. He migrated to Australia in 1890 and settled in Brisbane.

Goddard had been a sergeant in the Essex Rifle Volunteers and took a keen interest in military matters. In 1899 he was commissioned in the Queensland Defence Force and by 1913 had risen to command the 7th Infantry (Moreton) Regiment. On 28 June 1897, describing himself as a clerk, he married Elizabeth Maud Morrow at All Saints Anglican Church, Brisbane, and gradually established a successful importing business with offices interstate. He was interested in growing malting barley and experimented with this crop on the Darling Downs. In 1906-15 he was also the consul for Paraguay in Brisbane. His business interests required extensive travel overseas, affording him the opportunity to attend military manoeuvres in England and to observe developments on the Continent. Although not a professional soldier, he developed a wide knowledge of military affairs and on the outbreak of war in 1914 was placed in command of the Brisbane defences.

Putting his business affairs in order, Goddard joined the Australian Imperial Force with the rank of lieutenant-colonel on 16 March 1915 and was appointed to command the 25th Battalion. When changes were made to commands in the 2nd Division he was transferred to the 17th Battalion, which he joined as it embarked from Sydney on the troopship Themistocles on 12 May 1915, bound for Egypt. From there the battalion sailed for Gallipoli in August but without Goddard who was in hospital. He was on the Southland sailing to rejoin the unit when the ship was torpedoed on 2 September. Rescued by a Royal Navy vessel he was taken to Lemnos and finally landed on Gallipoli on 6 September. He took command of his battalion next day in the trenches at Quinn's Post, one of the most dangerous positions on the peninsula. He served there until the evacuation and remained behind until the last parties of the unit were ready to move out on 20 December 1915. The 17th Battalion sailed to Lemnos, then to Alexandria, Egypt where orders were received to proceed to Tel el Kebir. Goddard's health had suffered on Gallipoli and he was admitted to hospital with dysentery on 18 January 1916. In April he was invalided to Australia.

In mid-July he again embarked for overseas service. He reported to A.I.F. Headquarters in London and was appointed commander of the recently raised 35th Battalion (part of the new 3rd Division) in October. He arrived in France with his new command on 22 November. After serving in a quiet sector at Armentières the battalion took part in the battle of Messines on 7 June 1917. For his work at Messines and his contribution to the efficiency of the brigade Goddard was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. The battalion was heavily committed in the battle of Broodseinde Ridge on 4 October and in the attack on Passchendaele Ridge a week later. Weary and depleted, the 3rd Division was eventually sent back to the quieter sector in the north where it remained until early in 1918.

In appearance Goddard was tall and spare with a lean countenance behind a heavy dark moustache. 'A quiet, witty, scholarly man, far removed from the mud and blood of Flanders' trenches', he soldiered with quiet efficiency. 'With his intellectual and military qualifications he combined the attributes of sincerity, courtesy, a dry humour and natural dignity in his relations with superiors and subordinates alike'.

Although never robust, Goddard performed outstanding work during the great German offensive near Amiens in March-April 1918. With the enemy advancing on the city the 9th Brigade was detached from the division and rushed to reinforce the defences in front of Villers-Bretonneux. In the brigadier's absence Goddard established headquarters in the town and took temporary command of the brigade. On 4 April the Germans commenced a devastating bombardment. The infantry fell back on the town and Goddard found his headquarters in the front line. The situation was desperate but Goddard acted promptly and decisively, bringing all his reserves forward and ordering the commanding officer of the 36th Battalion to counter-attack immediately. Under strong leadership the Australians rallied and, assisted by the British cavalry and some infantry, held the line and repulsed the enemy. Early next morning Goddard ordered his weary troops to attack again. The enemy was taken by surprise and driven back from the town and for the moment Amiens was saved.

On 5 May Goddard's battalion played the major role in the successful attack at Morlancourt. Next month he was promoted colonel and temporary brigadier general and appointed to command the 9th Brigade which he led during the British Somme offensive until the end of the war. Important actions included the battle of Bray-sur-Somme and the attack on the Hindenburg line. Goddard was mentioned in dispatches three times, and after the Armistice the awards of the C.M.G. and the Belgian Croix de Guerre were announced.

Goddard returned to Australia in 1920 and resumed his business and militia interests. He moved to Sydney and in 1921-26 commanded the 14th Infantry Brigade, A.M.F., with the rank of honorary brigadier general; he was placed on the retired list in 1931. For twenty-one years, until 1947, he was president of the Imperial Service Club. He was joined in his importing company (H. A. Goddard Pty Ltd) by his son Horace Leopold who had served as a private in his father's battalion during the war (a second son had died in infancy). Goddard continued to travel, was commercial representative of The Times in Australia, and remained active in business until his death.

Survived by his wife, son and daughter, he died in Concord Repatriation Hospital, Sydney, on 24 October 1955 and was cremated with Anglican rites. His estate was sworn for probate at £3156.

Select Bibliography

C. E. W. Bean, The A.I.F in France, 1918 (Syd, 1942); K. W. Mackenzie, The Story of the Seventeenth Battalion A.I.F in the Great War 1914-1918 (Syd, 1946); Reveille (Sydney), Aug 1938; Sydney Morning Herald, 26 Oct 1955; Goddard papers (Australian War Memorial).

Private: 19815 Horace Leopold GODDARD 35th Battalion AIF.

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Under Construction; 06/01/2007-21/05/2016.


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